Citations in research paper

Should I avoid referencing other people's work? In research papers, in-text citations are most commonly used in the Introduction and Results sections. Should I cite a source even if it was published long ago?

Including references in academic writing not only defends you against allegations of plagiarism, but it is one of the most important ways to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of previous investigations about the research problem.

Citation machine

An in-text citation is a brief notation within the text of your paper or presentation which refers the reader to a fuller notation, or end-of-paper citation, that provides all necessary details about that source of information. In addition, every time a wok is cited within a paper in APA, a parenthetical citation , a corresponding entry must be included in the reference list. Referencing all relevant authors of prior studies gives your readers a clear idea of the breadth of analysis you conducted in preparing to study the research problem. What should I do if I find that my idea has already been examined by another researcher? Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there. The Writing Center. Note: Different source types and situations require different information within the parentheses. Whether you summarize, paraphrase, or use direct quotes, if it's not your original idea, the source must be acknowledged. Purdue University; Using Evidence.

You still must cite the original work. A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e. Some journals,e.

what is citation example

Note: Different source types and situations require different information within the parentheses. This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles.

Citation Research Guides.

apa citation

If you write your paper without adequate references to previous studies, you are signaling to the reader that you are not familiar with the literature about the topic, thereby, undermining the validity of your study and your credibility as a researcher. A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska.

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How to Write Guide: How to Cite Other Papers in Your Paper